Dating santa cruz
The first European land exploration of Alta California, the Spanish Portolà expedition led by Gaspar de Portolà, passed through the area on its way north, still searching for the "port of Monterey" described by Sebastian Vizcaino in 1602.
The party forded the river (probably near where the Soquel Avenue bridge now stands) and camped nearby on October 17, 1769.
Santa Cruz is known for its moderate climate, natural environment, coastline, redwood forests, alternative community lifestyles, and socially liberal leanings.
It is also home to the University of California, Santa Cruz, a premier research institution and educational hub, as well as the Santa Cruz Beach Boardwalk, an oceanfront amusement park operating continuously since 1907.
It was named "El Arroyo de la Santisima Cruz, which translates literally as "The Stream of the Most Holy Cross").
The City of Santa Cruz was incorporated in 1866 and chartered in April 1876.One of only three civilian towns established in California during the Spanish colonial period (the other two became Los Angeles and San Jose), the Villa was located across the San Lorenzo River, less than a mile from the Mission.Its original main street is now North Branciforte Avenue.The diverse and numerous tribes of this region were also earlier referred to by the Spanish as Coastanoan.The term "Ohlone" has been used in place of "Costanoan" since the 1970s by some descendant groups and by most ethnographers, historians, and writers of popular literature.
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Santa Cruz was the twelfth mission to be founded in California.